BENZENE LINE,radiocarbon dating mashine, SetUp and Training,
Li carbide,acethylene,setting up,radiocarbon laboratory, benzene,training, benzeneline

Benzene line

This Equipment is developed to produce benzene used to determine Radiocarbon content.

Benzene is used as measured media for conventional radiocarbon dating based on liquid scintillation counting (LSC). Thus depending on available datable Carbon benzene line easily produces of 0.1-6.0 g benzene per sample. We suppose to use up to 7 g benzene per sample counted by LS Spectrometer.
New lab in Poland, installed 2014
New lab (Poland, 2014, press to enlarge)


Creation of minimum volume Vacuo Benzene Line based on Teflon, Stainless Steel, Titanium and Boron-Silicate Glass as materials; Introduce Technology of VacuumPyrolysis and Cryogenic Trapping for Controlled Transfer and Transport line of All Substances in the Benzene Line during of benzene probe preparation.

Commercial offer includes:
- Chemical Laboratory Set,
- Chemical Technique,
- Equipment Setup and
- Staff Training.

Benzene line consists of subsets used for
High and Low temperature processes and
Ultimate vials for C-14 LSC.
I.e. benzene production and all around.

High Temperature set serves for:

- Charring of wood, peat, humic acids, collagen etc.
- Li-carbide production,
- Vacuum pyrolysis - the direct chemisorption into a Li alloy of carbonaceous gases produced by the controlled thermo-destruction of organic materials under vacuum conditions.
- Above technology widened application of conventional C-14 analyse equipment for different kind of materials.

Reaction vessel is the Heart of Benzene Line.

Reaction vessel is involved in the high T and low T processes.
It serves to synthetize lithium carbide by performing of chemical transformation reactions using C of any kind of carbon containing studied material and lithium metal.
It is covered with hermetic vacuumed and water cooled head and it works at 750 - 850 OC as it was described serving for Vacuum Pyrolysis at 1998 [ Skripkin and Kovaliukh, 1998].

Low Temperature Set serves for:

- Acetylene production and catching by freezing,
- Acetylene purification and its by-compacting by freezing
- Benzene synthesis using of super effective catalyst, and for catching by freezing,
- Benzene purification by sulfuric acid treatment and by sublimation.

General LSC technique
We recommend Teflon vials of extreme long durability for optimal C-14 LSC (spectrometry) in benzene, which have excellent technical performances: extreme measurement efficiency, low background and low benzene leakages.
Thus application of Teflon flasks especially for small samples of benzene enables excellent performances for C-14 LS measurement: high counting efficiency, low background, negligible leakage and extreme durability.

Benzene Line Apparatus is Chemical Laboratory Equipment set for benzene production to be used as counted media for C-14 LS Counting. Radiocarbon Analyse Machine. Setting up a radiocarbon laboratory and personel training.
Some parts of Benzene Line traps could serve as portable C-14 dating equipment which are used to collect carbon dating sample materials like CO2 and carbonates.

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